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  • identify need,
  • routinely explore the suicide prevention needs of all young people accessing the service,
  • improve services,
  • prove success of interventions,
  • show how well services meet LGBT young people's needs,
  • influence local strategies,
  • influence mainstream and specialist service provision,
  • help access funding, and
  • help gather evidence to influence national strategy.


Vulnerable Group
By 2008, GALYIC had completed 50 interviews using the NAT; these were analysed and published in "Ten Years On:  Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Young People in Calderdale", November 2008; click here to access report.  The findings show that LGBT young people are a highly vulnerable group and are more likely than heterosexual young people to:

  • Experience homelessness
  • Experience mental health problems, in particular depression, anxiety, self harm, suicide attempts and phobias
  • Experience alcohol and drug misuse
  • Use tobacco
  • Experience bullying based on their sexual orientation
  • Experience sexual abuse, sexual assault and rape.

The findings suggest that the age of coming out has reduced to 14.8 years and that many young people do not have the support of parents and continue to be isolated until they accessed GALYIC.

National Research
In 2014 the national research project Youth Chances published the findings of its survey with over 7,000 young people aged 16 to 25 years across England.  The findings identify, alongside other substantial research from around the world, the continued vulnerability of young LGBT people.

Further Vulnerabilities
Over the years, through working with the LGBT youth group, other issues came to light which needed further investigation.  For example:

  • Experience of emotional, physical and sexual abuse growing up
  • Emotional, physical and sexual abuse within relationships
  • Aggression
In response, further questions were added to the NATnIMP.


There is plenty of research on the needs of LGBT young people from abroad and with the Youth Chances project we now have research from across England.

Visit Youth Chances website to access their reports.

Under the Equality Act (2010) it became illegal to discriminate against LGBT people.  The Public Sector Equality Duty came into force in April 2011.  Under this public services  must have due regard to the need to:


  • Eliminate unlawful discrimination, harassment and victimisation,
  • Advance equality of opportunity between different groups,  and
  • Foster good relations between different groups.


To meet this duty it may be necessary for public bodies to carry out some form of assessment or analysis in order to understand  the potential effects of its activities on different people.  The NAT enables public bodies to ensure they meet their duties under this requirement with regard to LGBT young people. For more information see the Equality and Human Rights Commission website.